Wednesday, March 27, 2013

Rivers: Origin & Length


     River  -   Kms  -   Origin  -   Characteristics
1. Indus- 2900 -Mansarovar -Shyok, Dras, Gartang, Nubra, Hunza, Zanskar, Shigar. Kabul, Kurram, Tochi, Viboa, Sangar.

2. Jhelum -400- Verinag -Flows through Wular lake & along Indo Pak border.

3. Chenab -1180- Bara-Lacha -Largest Indus tributary. Formed by Chandra & Bhaga.

4. Ravi -725 -Rohtang Pass -Flows through Chamba valley.

5. Beas -470 -Beas Kund -Flows through Kullu valley & joins Satluj near Harike

6. Sutlej -1050 -Rakas Lake -Passes through Ship kila. Govind Sagar lake at Bhakra


7. Ganga -2525 Gangotri -Bhagirathi meets Alaknanda at Devprayag. It splits into Bhagirathi-Hugli & Padma below Farrakha in Malda distt.

8. Yamuna -1300 Yamunotri -Tons, Giri, Asan, Hindan, Rind, Sengar, Enters Ganga plain at Paonta Sahib.

9. Chambal- 960 -Mhow -Gandhisagar dam at Kota. Banas (left), Kali & Sind (right)

10. Gandak- Everest & Dhulagiri -Joins Ganga at Sonpur near Patna

11. Kosi -730- Everest & Kanchenjunga- Its main stream is Arun. Joined by Sun kosi from the west & Tamur Kosi from the east

12. Ramganga- 600- Kumaon Hills Joins Ganga near Kanauj

13. Sarda (Saryu) -Milam Glacier -Along Indo Nepal border it is called Kali. Joins Ghaghara.

14. Mahananda -Darjeeliing Hills- It is the last left bank tributary of the Ganga

15. Son- Amarkantak -Joins Ganga at Patna

16. Damodar -540 -Barakar is main tributary. Joins Hugli

17. Ghaghara -1180 -Mapchachungo glacier -Meets Ganga at Chapra.

18. Gomti -Pilibhit Distt -Lucknow situated on its bank. Kathna & Sarayan tributaries.

19. Brahmaputra -2900 -Near Mansarovar- Receives Dibang & Lohit on left bank & then known as Brahmaputra. Burhi Dihing, Dhansari & Kalang (left) & Subansari, Kamang, Manas & Sankosh.

20. Tista- Chitamu lake (Tibet)- Forms Sivok Gola Pass in Darjeeling.

21. Surma -900 -Meghna is the name of Brahmaputra after its confluence with Surma. Surma is distributary of river Barak.

22. Mahanadi -850 -Sihawa (near Raipur)- Tel, Ib, Seonath, Hasdeo, Mand, Jonking

23. Godavari- 1465- Nashik- Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Sabari, Idravati, Manjra & Pranhita.


24. Krishna- 1400 -Mahabaleshwar- Koyna, Yerla, Verna, Panchganga, Dudhgana, Musi, Tungabhadra, Bhima

25. Cauveri -800- Brahmagiri Hills (Coorg) -Amravati, Hemavati, Akravati, Herangi, Shimsa, Lakshmantirtha, Lokpavani, Kabbani.

26. Narmada -1300- Amarkantak- Burhner, Banjar, Shar, Shakkar, Dudhi, Tawa, Hiran, Baran

27. Tapti -724- Betul Distt -Parna, Veghar, Girna, Bori, Panhara, Betul

28. Sabarmati -320- Mewar Hills

29. Brahmani -800 -Formed by confluence of Koel & Sankh. Baitrani joins later

30. Subarnarekha -400 -S-W of Ranchi

31. Luni -320- Arawallis Ends in Sahni marshes.- Sarsuti, Bundi, Sukri joins it


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