Tuesday, January 7, 2014

SOME INTERESTING & IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT NOBEL PRIZE



1. The Nobel prizes are given in accordance with the will of Swedish inventor of dynamite, Alfred Nobel.
2. The first Nobel prize was awarded in the year 1901
3. The Nobel Prize award ceremonies are held on December 10 every year, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.
4. All the Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden except for the Nobel Peace Prize which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
5. The Nobel Prizes were initially given in FIVE fields viz. Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace and Literature.
6. Nobel Prize in the field of Economic Sciences were instituted in the year 1969 with Ragnar Frisch of Norway and Jan Tinbergen of The Netherlands being the first recipients.

Nobel Laureates - Important Facts
1. The first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize---Marie Curie for Physics in 1903
2. The first person and only woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields Marie Curie--- for Physics in 1903 and for Chemistry in 1911
3. The first man to be awarded the Nobel Prize in two different fields Linus Pauling--- for Chemistry in 1954 and for Peace in 1962.
4. The first Asian (also first Indian) to be awarded the Nobel Prize
Rabindranath Tagore --- for literature in 1913.
5. The first African woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize Wangari Maathai from Kenya--- for peace in 2004
6. The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Physics---Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen in 1901 for his discovery of X-rays.
7. The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize in the field of Literature in English language---Rudyard Kipling (of Jungle Book fame) in 1907.
8.
The first person to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace---Jean Henry Dunant, founder of International Red Cross in 1901, jointly with Frédéric Passy, Founder and President of first French peace society.
9. The first woman to be awarded Nobel Prize for Peace--- Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner of Austria in 1905
10
. The youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Prize William Lawrence Bragg - for Physics in 1915 at the age of 25 years (jointly with his father, Sir William Henry Bragg)
10. The youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize Tawakkol Karman--- of Yemen at the age of 31 years in 2011 (jointly with Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee)
11.
The only organisation to be awarded the Nobel Prize thrice--- International Committee of the Red Cross - 1917, 1944 and 1963.

Nobel Prize Winners from India
1. Rabindranath Tagore ---Literature 1913 Because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.
2. C.V. Raman---Physics 1930 For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.
3. Har Gobind Khorana*--- Medicine 1968 For their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.
4. Mother Teresa Peace---1979 Humanitarian work.
5. Subrahmanyam Chandrasekhar---Physics 1983 For his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.
6. Amartya Sen---Economic Sciences 1998 For his contributions to welfare economics.
7. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan**---Chemistry 2009 For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.

Nobel Prize Winners - Presidents/ Prime Ministers of other countries

1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf--Liberia (President)--Peace--2011
2. Kim Dae Jung--South Korea (President)--Peace--2000
3. Yitzhak Rabin--Israel (PM)--Peace--1994
4. Frederik Willem de Klerk--South Africa (President)--Peace---1993
5. Mikhail Gorbachev--Soviet Union (President)--Peace--1990
6. Oscar Arias Sánchez--Costa Rica (President)-- Peace--1987
7. Anwar al-Sadat--Egypt (President)--Peace--1978
8. Menachem Begin--Israel (PM)--Peace--1978
9. Eisaku Sato--Japan (PM)*--Peace--1974
10. Willy Brandt--Chancellor Germany--Peace--1971
11. Sir Winston Churchill--United Kingdom (PM)--Literature—1953

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